Global Distribution of Gossypium Species and Its Agricultural Implications  

Meixia Zhu Meixia Zhu Meixia Zhu
Author    Correspondence author
Cotton Genomics and Genetics, 2024, Vol. 15, No.   
Received: 01 Jan., 1970    Accepted: 01 Jan., 1970    Published: 10 Jul., 2024
© 2024 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
Abstract
Gossypium, commonly known as cotton, includes approximately 50 species distributed across tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, excluding Europe. Among these, Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense are the most widely cultivated, significantly contributing to global cotton production. The evolutionary history of Gossypium is marked by complex processes such as polyploidization and domestication, which have led to the development of species with superior fiber quality and resilience to environmental stresses. The primary objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the global distribution of Gossypium species and their agricultural implications. It aims to summarize current knowledge on the biogeography and evolutionary history of Gossypium species; investigate the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying fiber quality and environmental resilience in different Gossypium species; discuss the agricultural implications of these findings, particularly in the context of breeding strategies for improved cotton varieties; and identify gaps in the current research to suggest future directions for studies on Gossypium species. By synthesizing information from multiple studies, this research provides important theoretical foundations for a holistic understanding of the global distribution of Gossypium species and their agricultural significance.
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