Scientific Review

Discovering Genes that Enhance Yield in Drought Conditions within Turkish Winter Wheat  

Jianli Zhong
Hainan Institute of Tropical Agricultural Resources, Sanya, 572024, China
Author    Correspondence author
Triticeae Genomics and Genetics, 2024, Vol. 15, No. 3   
Received: 11 Apr., 2024    Accepted: 14 May, 2024    Published: 26 May, 2024
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Abstract

On April 10, 2024, a collaborative research result by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in Mexico, Syngenta's Jealott's Hill International Research Center, and Kazakhstan's Scientific Production Grain Center was published in the journal Scientific Reports. The paper, authored by D. Sehgal as the first author and A. Morgounov as the corresponding author, is titled "Genomic wide association study and selective sweep analysis identify genes associated with improved yield under drought in Turkish winter wheat germplasm." This research was jointly funded by the FAO's International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (W2B-PR-41-TURKEY) and the BMGF/FCDO project on Accelerating Genetic Gains in Maize and Wheat for Improved Livelihoods (AGG) (INV-003439). The study employed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and selective sweep analysis to explore genes and genomic regions related to drought resistance and increased yield within Turkish winter wheat germplasm. The research involved genotyping 84 local Turkish winter wheat varieties and 73 modern varieties using a 25K wheat SNP array and phenotyped agronomic traits in 2018 and 2019. The year 2018 was considered a drought environment due to extremely low rainfall, while 2019 was deemed a favorable environment. The results indicated several genomic regions associated with yield and yield-related traits.

Keywords
Winter wheat; Drought conditions; Enhance yield; Genetic resources; Genomic wide

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