Reviews and Progresses
A Review on Genetic Basis of Heat Shock Proteins
1 Centre of Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB), University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
2 Department of Plant Sciences, University of California Davis, CA, USA
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2016, Vol. 7, No. 6 doi: 10.5376/mpb.2016.07.0006
Received: 11 Dec., 2015 Accepted: 04 Jan., 2016 Published: 04 Jan., 2016
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Preferred citation for this article:
Siddra Ijaz, 2016, A Review on Genetic Basis of Heat Shock Proteins, Molecular Plant Breeding, 7(06): 1-5 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2016.07.0006)
Heat shock proteins assist the cell under environmental signals those affront its physio-metaboilc processes. These proteins maintain plant cell functions and help in resurgence and revival from stresses. Heat shock proteins perform crucial tasks during stresses for marinating cellular proteins, preventing protein aggregation as well as recovering proteins from aggregates etc. In case of plants, synthesis of heat shocks proteins are triggered during heat stress or other stresses for providing resistance against tissue destruction and cell death. Synthesis of these proteins is induced by a cellular mechanism, known as heat shock response i-e., the prime response to ambient temperature in all organisms. A crosstalk between heat shock proteins, other signaling proteins and co-chaperones is appeared to be having crucial and critical impact in stress signal transduction pathways during environmental cues. Hence this review summarizes the role and molecular as well as genetic mechanism of heat shock proteins during stress tolerance.
Heat shock proteins; Stress responsive elements; Heat shock factors; Heat shock elements