Qingke, a Plateau Barley Feeds Tibetans
1 Institute of Life Science, Jiyang College of Zhejiang A&F University, Zhuji, 311800, China
2 Cuixi Academy of Biotechnology, Zhuji, 311800, China
Field Crop, 2019, Vol. 2, No. 2
Received: 25 Feb., 2019 Accepted: 08 Apr., 2019 Published: 15 May, 2019
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Tibetan Qingke barley (common English name Tibetan hulless barley), the staple food of Tibetans, is the main raw material of Tibetan staple food, Zān ba. Tibetan Qingke barley has been cultivated on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau for about 3 500 years, mainly distributed in Tibet, Qinghai, northwest Sichuan, southwest Gansu and northwest Yunnan. Tibetan Qingke barley is a cereal crop belonging to Genus Hordeum of the family of Gramineae with the Latin name as Hordeum vulgare Linn. Var. Nudum, which is a variant of barley called naked barley. Being different from other barley, Tibetan Qingke barley has been completely adapted to the extreme plateau climate after 3 500 ~ 4 000 years of domestication and cultivation on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. So far, Tibetan Qingke barley cultivated in Tibet accounts for 70% of the farming land in Tibet, which has become the staple food of Tibetans and nurtures a Tibetan nation.
Tibetan Qingke barley; Genus Hordeum; Zanba (zān ba); Tibet
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